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Global Garment Industry Trends, Part1
Innovations

As we move deeper into the twenty-first century, the demand to incorporate the advancement in technology to the garment industry has seen a new light and this has furthered the increase in revenue and profit for garment industries. Even with the realization of this, the major exporters and producers of garments around the globe still make use of manual labor for their production process. The production process in the garment sector is usually dispersed across various locations within and beyond a country. Developing countries are usually noticed to outsource production to developing countries and in the developing countries, the production is subject to the influence of cheaper and faster labor. In most of these developing countries, there is a rising global demand for the availability of cheap and labor-intensive good initiated by the increasing competition in the regions. This mounts a lot of pressure on manufacturers for the cut in labor and production cost. To circumvent the labor laws set in these regions and still cut labor costs, manufacturers make use of employment and subcontracting of the production.
The supply chains of the garment industry are spread across many countries and since the late 20th century, the industry has seen a very significant change in the production market of the garment industry. This change has also ricocheted through the producing countries, serving as a “stepping stone to development” in the least developed and developing countries. The change in the garment industry was majorly due to the shift in exporting countries. Back in the 1970s, the big exporters in the garment industry to U.S included Japan, United Kingdom, Italy, Canada, and France but by 2011, the most imports received by the U.S came from countries like Cambodia, China, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Mexico. This shows that the greater percentage of production in the garment industry have shifted to Asia, South American nations and other developing nations like this while countries like Morocco, Turkey, and Tunisia have become a major player in exporting to EU-28 countries.
From recent data, the United States was seen to have more participation in the production through the export of raw material to the developing countries but they still remain one of the major markets, both now and in the nearest future for the finished garment products (textiles). This not only applies to the U.S but also to EU countries who obtain the final products from Near-Asian and African countries. The U.S is however becoming the breeding ground for technical textile industries which in few years from now will have an increasing demand in both the developed and developing countries. In 2015, the Asian market has accounted for a very large part of production in the garment industry and from forecasts, they will remain a very big participant in the supply chain while Brazil, still suffering from an increasing economic recession have reduced in production but have been seen to make any major import demands related to the garment industry which means they will remain a steady manufacturer. Although the U.S has little to provide in the supply chain, other North American countries like Mexico and Canada have seen a major boost in their production in the garment industry and the U.S receives about fifty-five percent of their import from these neighboring North American countries although ITA has concluded from recent review that US has seen a little boost in its export of technical textile products. Considering the figures below, more light is shed on the export and import in the garment industry.

textiles, biomass, exports